Online casino reviews usa

online casino reviews usa

Jul 13, Find trusted online casino reviews of the best rated casinos for Slots, US mobile casino; Over real money slot games to play; Accepts USA. Book Of Ra Review - Discover what makes Book Of Ra one of the top rated online slot casino games - play for free or real money. Detailed Reviews about RTG Casinos, RTG Casinos List, Rating and Score COM - Best Online Casino Bonus Codes, No deposit Bonuses United States. It comes with a variety of payline options to pick from to mix up prize chances. Independent Review of WinTingo Casino. You can use many different deposit options like credit cards such as Visa and MasterCard , Skrill, Paysafecard, Neteller and so on, although players do need to create an account and access the casino itself before they can full the view range of options available in their country. Naturally, cramming this many high quality games into a single platform isn't easy and it's evident that WinTingo's software developers have had to think long and hard about the best way to structure the site. Playing at online casinos with a bitcoin faucet, you would make some profit and have some bitcoins for betting. Scratch Cards Keno Slots Minimum deposit: The casino utilizes a web-based platform that allows you to play the games through your web browser. The gamble system is a simple two selection process. After sending an email to vip wintingo. The explorer is the most valuable icon of the slot and finding five in a row will award a player a total of 5, tokens overall. It's available at many casinos around the world and can even be played as an app or through different mobile apps at online casinos on smartphones today. Player Reviews of Online Casinos. A qualifying amount towards the first deposit bonus is 0.

Here at CasinoTop10, you'll find an extensive list of casinos which accept transactions from American-based players and that have been tested and approved by our staff.

Although Las Vegas and Atlantic City are widely thought to be the largest and most well-known gambling meccas across the lands in America, the internet can also be regarded as a gambling mecca in its own right.

Luckily for all you gamblers out there, our experts at CasinoTop10 are here to swoop in and save the day. We know the industry like the back of our hand and have dedicated many years to reviewing online casinos USA to provide you with the cream of the crop in online gambling entertainment.

So leave your fear of playing at a rogue casino at the door and opt to play at one of the online casinos USA in our list instead. Be approved online casinos which are regulated and approved by a reputable gambling authority;.

Have large casino bonuses and other fantastic online casino promotions for US players. Our selection of online casinos USA includes ones that are compatible with both desktop and mobile in most cases.

Most online casinos within the legal states have mobile versions with software for Android and iOS devices such as the iPad, different tablets, and mobile phones.

However just like when you play on desktop, the same geo-restrictions will apply on your mobile. Your location will most likely be required by most mobile casinos as you need to be confirmed as being within the legal Mobile Casino operating states.

Before there were no legal limits for online gambling; however in , the then president George Bush enacted the SAFE Port Act which also incorporated restrictions for online gambling in the United States.

However, as it currently stands it is not illegal for players to play casino games online due to the massive loopholes which are present in UIGEA.

In today's world, there are a number of legitimate casino sites which allow US players to enjoy their time by gambling online. If you happen to come across one that you like and accepts you to register with them, this means that it has the ability to receive deposits and process withdrawals by using certain alternate payment methods.

Keep in mind that if you choose to sign-up through one of these sites, it is entirely the responsibility of the online casino or financial institution to adhere to any laws and not you as a player.

You need to be within these states in order to access online and mobile gambling opportunities. Prior to signing up at casinos, CasinoTop10 recommends that you check the laws which govern where you live in order to determine whether to sign-up to a site or not, as those states which do allow online gambling are usually heavily regulated.

The States of Nevada and New Jersey, for example, had declared that non-state regulated gambling is illegal, but online gambling per se is not.

The licensed casino operators will also take many measures to check the physical location of all those who wish to play online and on mobile. If you have changed your IP address for privacy reasons or to access news sites abroad this will affect your ability to play at online casinos within these states.

Despite the fact that only three states have legalized online casino gambling in the United States, more states are now in a debate in order to have the online casino world more regulated and are attempting to legalize it.

You will have to follow the relevant state discussions surrounding online gambling legislation in order to keep updated on the latest attempts for legalization.

The next states most likely to have it legalized are California and Mississippi so make sure you monitor the discussions happening in those states.

There are different restrictions associated with playing casino games online — we have outlined the different kind of restrictions for the different entities within the online gambling industry and for different actions taken so you can be absolutely sure of the legalities and illegalities within the industry.

Although you may be breaking state laws, this is unlikely as you will normally be barred from playing at online casinos when you are geographically positioned outside of the legal gambling states.

Placing bets at online casinos is completely legal and poses no risk to online players. Any online casinos within the United States that are outside the states of New Jersey, Delaware, and Nevada and are accepting payments and operating are doing so illegally and at very high risk of prosecution.

Online casinos within the legal states and offshore in legal countries are within the legal frameworks and may operate freely.

Online casinos that are outside of the legal states are prohibited from accepting betting payments from customers. This has moved many online casinos to operate legally in other countries, even though the U.

S government states that it is not legal for offshore online casinos to accept bets from U. Assisting in the transfer of funds to online casinos inside and outside the US is how the US government has tried to stop online gambling from occurring — by attacking the source.

The United States Treasury and Federal Reserve Board have outlined five different payment systems that fall under the act as a payment participant that will have to block betting payments: There are specific participants who are responsible for blocking the payments and monitoring illegal activity within each payment systems — not everyone will be prosecuted.

In the case of cards such as VISA or MasterCard, it is the card company that will be in the red if the process online casino payments.

The act makes it clear that any back-office support provider to any of these payment systems and services is not considered a third party and will not be prosecuted.

Within the legal states, processing payments for online casinos and their players is legal. You will find that there will always be a payment option available to you when you play online, we have only listed the best and most reputable casinos that accept payments and transfers between US citizens and the casinos.

Accepting advertising for internet gambling in major media corporations is not allowed. Major online media conglomerates google and yahoo have prohibited the advertising of online casinos since they received a government warning.

Although there is no specific legislation surrounding casino advertising, most major media outlets have now prohibited it themselves. Although some fines have been imposed, no further action has been taken.

Accepting advertising for internet gambling in smaller media outlets is a grey area. For small publishing sites there could be warnings issues, but to date, no small publishing outlet has been fined or prosecuted.

There is no issue for online casinos to buy advertising space in any media outlet. As mentioned above those who have more to worry about are the publishing outlets themselves, particularly if they operate as affiliates.

Similarly, to other countries, the types of online casinos games that Americans play for real money is generally a reflection of the culture and society present in the U.

S and above all what players enjoy playing the most. Whilst Slots online games hold a rightful place in the hearts of many online gamblers, Americans are also fond of the virtual replicas of table games such as Blackjack online, online Roulette and in the case of many high rollers also online Baccarat.

A few other popular games which are widely renowned as being casino favorites in the United States include the dice game online Craps, the machine-like game Video Poker, online Keno and Bingo.

Slots are definitely the most popular online casino games that have gained a huge fan base ever since their release. Blackjack is a popular table game with many US players.

The classic game can be found at virtually all US online gambling sites and some even have several variations of the game too. You can find out more about the digitalized version of the game in our Blackjack online guide.

The red and black wheel of chance has been played for centuries and has also been transported to the majority of online casinos in the United States.

The game is loved for its simple rules and easy inside and outside bets. Additionally, there have been many betting systems developed to use on the game over the years too such as the Martingale system.

Baccarat online is one of those casino games which is renowned for its glamour, especially in Vegas. The game has simple rules and involves making very limited decisions and is available to play at the majority of online casinos in the USA.

Essentially, the aim of the game is to get as close as possible to the number 9. The dice game, Craps, is immensely popular at most USA gambling sites.

The game basically involves placing bets on the different parts of the table. Learn all you need to know about Craps online by visiting our guide where you can get the full gist of the game.

At land-based casinos, the game meshes 5-card draw poker with a Slots machine. At online casinos in the USA, Bingo is available to play round the clock.

The game is super easy to learn and can lead you to win real cash prizes as a result. And the best part is you can do so while having tons of fun in the process.

Keno online strongly resembles the game of Bingo and Lottery. Like the aforementioned games, the main premise of the casino game involves predicting which numbers will be drawn.

Learn more about Keno online by reading our guide on rules and strategy. So always be sure to read up on where the online casino operates from first.

Casino bonuses are incentive money that a site offers you for playing there. Bonuses for signing up with a new site are usually quite large.

Don't sign up with a new online casino without getting a chunk of cash. We have gone to great lengths to ensure that, should you visit any of the casinos found on our site, you will have the gambling experience that you deserve.

In order for a casino to be displayed in our Best Online Casino list, they must: When you see any of our online casino reviews, you will realise that on the left-hand side of the review, each casino has a list of specifications.

This list includes the following elements: For each of these specifications, there is a mark out of ten and this goes up and down depending on the casinos' performance.

In this way, we ensure that our players always know exactly what to expect from their possible casino of choice.

The first thing our experts check on compiling an online casino review is if the online casino is licensed and regulated by a gaming authority which is held in high regard.

Established in in the sunny island nation of Malta, the Malta Gaming Authority has since gained an impeccable reputation in the iGaming industry.

Today there are approximately iGaming companies operating from Malta. As one of the most recognised and honourable gaming commissions in the world, the U.

However, nowadays very few companies register with the U. This is perhaps due to the fact that similarly to Malta, the small island nation is known to be a tax haven.

Set up in , the Nevada Gaming Control Board is the newest interactive gaming licensing body around the globe.

The New Jersey Division of Gaming Enforcement which was established in and served to control brick and mortar casinos in the gambling industry at first.

However, nowadays it also acts as a regulatory body of all the online casinos which are licensed under this particular Gaming Enforcement. This will always be the most important part of visiting a casino as the front of house, also known as website homepage, is the first port of call when looking for online casino games to play.

All our online casinos have been designed with the user in mind, which means that navigating to the various areas of the site should be a simple process.

Everything you need, from the games pages to the bonus pages and even the banking pages, should be available and easy to find. Finding what you need on the casino sites listed in our lists, is as simple as clicking a button or two.

Safety and security are two of the most important factors we evaluate in our online casino reviews. In our quest to find the best online casinos to put in our list, we always make sure that the company places security on its top shelf of priorities.

Hence, in order to evaluate this factor our experts go through the time consuming process of testing the site by playing its games to check if whether or not the games are rigged.

As a player, you must keep in mind that a casino site or any site for that matter should treat your personal details with confidentiality, make fair payouts according to the payback percentage stated on their website and handle deposits and withdrawals in a secure, professional manner.

These are important factors, if not THE most important. In essence, our team is of the philosophy that all gamblers should be treated equally.

Everyone wants to play at a trusted site, and preferably one that has been in operation for at least a couple of years.

To ensure that you end up at a site with good reputation, all the sites that we promote on CasinoTop10 are safe and secure — and have been live and in operation for over a number of years.

Another fundamental aspect of any online casino is the software the online casino games run on. Our keen team of avid gamblers at CasinoTop10 has made sure that all the online casinos found on our sites only use software created and provided by the best the iGaming industry has to offer.

These of course include industry leaders such as Microgaming , NetEnt and Playtech. Using casino software provided by established industry giants will ensure that the site works, that there is professional support should anything happen and that all the games run seamlessly, on any and all platform, be it on your browser, laptop or even your mobile device.

This is exactly the reason why our experts make sure that each casino we feature has a marvelous array of casino games to play. Casino Game Software is of primary importance.

This is exactly the reason why we have made sure that all the games at the casinos are of the highest quality imaginable.

If you want to play casino games online you need to be able to fund your account, and equally important, be able to withdraw your winnings.

For Americans, the options are somewhat limited right now. Have a look at our payment casino reviews and online casino reviews in order to find out more about payment options.

In comparison, in regards to casino sites accepting players from the rest of the world — mainly Europe, Canada and Australia — we have much higher expectations.

They should allow you to make deposits and withdrawals with all major credit cards as well as e-wallets, such as PayPal , Neteller , and Skrill.

Nonetheless, if you prefer, you can also opt to use an offline payment option instead. We at CasinoTop10 have made sure that all the casinos offer their players substantial array of bonuses to enjoy.

Although there are many online casinos out there which are legit, there are also several rogue ones too. At CasinoTop10 out experts distinguish between the two different types of online casino in an effort to help you find a good one.

Our online casino reviews are written by several of our online casino experts who have several years of experience in the iGaming industry. Each of our experts typically evaluates an online casino and gives it a rating based on a number of factors which are explained above.

At CasinoTop10, we also evaluate casinos based on their compatibility with portable devices such as tablet and mobile.

Provided that you're interested in finding an online casino that's specific to mobile we highly recommend having a look at our Mobile Casino page where we list all online casinos that are compatible with both iOS and Android portable devices.

Provided that you're looking for a mobile casino which can be used on a specific device, have a look at our iPhone Casinos and Android Casinos pages respectively.

Other than desktop and mobile casino reviews, we also provide reviews that are solely on Live Casinos.

If you'd like to find out more about casinos with live games head on over to our Live Casino page to find out more about them, read casino online reviews and even get an exclusive bonus.

However, bear in mind that each country has its own legislation in regards to online gambling. Hence, we always urge you to read up on the laws governing your particular country of residence prior to signing up at an online casino.

Online Casino Reviews Usa Video

Best online casino and casino online Hopefully this Book of Ra online review helps you decide if the game is right Beste Spielothek in Babelsberg finden you or not. The Book of Beste Spielothek in Bendingbostel finden real money game is a good solid slot machine for beginners and advanced players alike. You can play this game for real money at any Novoline casino. Most of Realtime Gaming's slots come with random progressive jackpotswhich can be a huge draw among players. How to start playing. The software itself, fußball heute deutschland gegen polen both the 7Sultans download client and the no download alterative, is some of the best out there; Microgaming has an excellent reputation in the industry and it's almost unheard of to encounter 6 black casino or issues when playing. Ninja Master 3D Minimum deposit: Realtime Gaming is a company with a long history, and over that time they have built up a reputation based redrock casino many aspects of their software. It doesn't have a moorhuhn free download of extra features but that's what makes it a good solid option for new players. Slots Keno Scratch Cards Minimum deposit: The Book of Ra slots are based Beste Spielothek in Wannbach finden an Egyptian theme. For the customer out there is it of importance that they can rely on a provider that puts their needs first, instead of apollo the sun god own. Realtime Gaming's software is available in two formats: Players choose red or black cards and wait to see which is flipped. It is a game that regular gamblers are all familiar with.

Online casino reviews usa -

Both the 7Sultans Flash version and its downloadable client are powered by Microgaming, which means that players can enjoy in the region of games. For even more, the welcome package covers several deposits with free credits for placing bets. Withdrawals enter a pending period for at least 24 hours after being triggered, which can be a little bit frustrating to players who want to cash out and start spending their winnings. All FS - Gemptopia Minimum deposit: Triple Twister Minimum deposit:

Similarly, to other countries, the types of online casinos games that Americans play for real money is generally a reflection of the culture and society present in the U.

S and above all what players enjoy playing the most. Whilst Slots online games hold a rightful place in the hearts of many online gamblers, Americans are also fond of the virtual replicas of table games such as Blackjack online, online Roulette and in the case of many high rollers also online Baccarat.

A few other popular games which are widely renowned as being casino favorites in the United States include the dice game online Craps, the machine-like game Video Poker, online Keno and Bingo.

Slots are definitely the most popular online casino games that have gained a huge fan base ever since their release. Blackjack is a popular table game with many US players.

The classic game can be found at virtually all US online gambling sites and some even have several variations of the game too. You can find out more about the digitalized version of the game in our Blackjack online guide.

The red and black wheel of chance has been played for centuries and has also been transported to the majority of online casinos in the United States.

The game is loved for its simple rules and easy inside and outside bets. Additionally, there have been many betting systems developed to use on the game over the years too such as the Martingale system.

Baccarat online is one of those casino games which is renowned for its glamour, especially in Vegas. The game has simple rules and involves making very limited decisions and is available to play at the majority of online casinos in the USA.

Essentially, the aim of the game is to get as close as possible to the number 9. The dice game, Craps, is immensely popular at most USA gambling sites.

The game basically involves placing bets on the different parts of the table. Learn all you need to know about Craps online by visiting our guide where you can get the full gist of the game.

At land-based casinos, the game meshes 5-card draw poker with a Slots machine. At online casinos in the USA, Bingo is available to play round the clock.

The game is super easy to learn and can lead you to win real cash prizes as a result. And the best part is you can do so while having tons of fun in the process.

Keno online strongly resembles the game of Bingo and Lottery. Like the aforementioned games, the main premise of the casino game involves predicting which numbers will be drawn.

Learn more about Keno online by reading our guide on rules and strategy. Although the aforementioned casino games are principally the most popular games in the States, players can also find a wonderful array of other games at US-friendly online gambling sites too.

Many online gambling sites for US players have a number of American favorites you can play before depositing your bankroll.

So you can simply load the site and start gambling by using your free money today. Consequently, some of the major cards that are typically offered by several online merchants are not always available to US players.

Each online casino USA has varying online casino payment options. An important thing to note about each one is that each payment method offered has its own minimum and maximum amounts that can be deposited and withdrawn.

Sometimes online gambling sites will also charge fees. However, this is not always the case. Yet, some are definitely more common than others.

As credit card options, the best ones to use in order to deposit your funds are Visa and Mastercard. You can learn all you need to know about using cards at online casinos via our Visa Casinos and Mastercard Casinos guides.

Provided that you prefer using an e-wallet instead, you can choose to use Neteller which is widely available at several US-friendly casinos.

Other popular options that are offered include the cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, which you can learn about in our Bitcoin Casinos guide.

The most popular withdrawal methods at online gambling sites are Check, and Bank Transfer and the E-wallet, Neteller which you can learn about in our Neteller Casinos guide.

Sometimes though, you will find online casinos which offer credit cards and Neteller too. In the United States, the legal gambling age for online gambling differs from State to State and sometimes even the types of casino games that are played.

Generally speaking, the gambling age is usually either 18 or We always recommend reading up on the gambling laws by visiting a government website prior to signing up at a casino.

The laws surrounding online gambling in states including California, North Dakota, Missouri, Ohio, South Carolina, and Alabama are ambiguous or online gambling is conditionally legal.

Online gambling is illegal in a number of different States currently. Bear in mind that whilst all the online casinos in our list are licensed and regulated, not all of them have a variety of online casino games which might appeal to you.

You can typically find new online casinos for US players in our dedicated page for new casinos at CasinoTop The process we use in order to identify suitable new online casinos is the same as the one we use for other online casinos we place in our toplist above.

Payouts are typically displayed in percentage form and can be found in the information box in each online casino review.

This type of bonus will be given to you on signing up at any of the No Deposit Casinos in our toplist. However, the online casino industry is one which rapidly changes.

CasinoTop10 provides a concrete space for the best online casino reviews for US players who would like to make big bucks online.

Each casino listed on the site features games such as online Roulette, Slots, Video Poker, Craps , Blackjack and many more. So what are you waiting for?

The possibility of winning BIG by playing your favorite casino game is only a couple of clicks away! It's time to get cracking! The thrill of watching the spinning red and black Roulette wheel has long served to grip many avid gamblers around the g With its great payouts, easy-to-implement strategy and simple rules, Blackjack has become one of the most popular casino CasinoTop10 is a definitive guide to online casinos, their bonuses and to playing casino games online.

Our site solely serves to provide information and is in no way responsible for gamblers who choose to play illegally. Caribbean Stud Poker Online.

Pai Gow Poker Online. Texas Hold 'Em Bonus Poker. Wheel of Fortune Online. Free Caribbean Stud Poker. Free Jacks or Better.

Free Three Card Monte. Free High or Low. Free Wheel of Fortune. Casinos by Payment Options. Offer a variety of payment options for US players;.

Run on a safe, secure and trusted casino platform;. This generous sign up bonus can be claimed over your first and second deposits and both bonuses require a unique coupon code.

This welcome bonus is available for the first week only. Slotland is a unique casino which is powered entirely by its very own in-house, proprietary software.

Register a new account at this RTG casino today for one of the best welcome bonuses available online today. Get 50 free spins when making your first casino deposit.

Our goal across the entirety of this website is to ensure that players are informed about the pros and cons and various aspects of each and every online casino we list.

This allows players from the United States interested in playing at best casino sites reviews for real money to make informed decisions on where to play.

Unfortunately, there are so many bad actors when it comes to the online casino industry choosing the wrong casino or a less than trustworthy one can render you helpless.

There is one important factor that we need to make our visitors aware of. This however does not affect our opinion nor alter our casino ratings or rankings integrity in any way.

Before we even consider reviewing an online casino, we make sure that it is controlled by a reputable operator who already has a proven track record within the online gambling industry.

We also make sure that the casino is licensed by a trusted authority in a well-known licensing jurisdiction before we carry out our casino reviews online.

As soon as we have found out who controls the casino and where it is licensed, only then can we begin the online casino review process. We then register an account with the casino as a real cash player casino and then basically test each area of the casino.

We look at the games, the banking options, the support and other major topics of interest such as the promotions and rewards programs that are available, plus all other important factors are considered.

For the best online casino rating and review, we check for the below to ensure that we have covered the necessary topics that the best casino reviews are based on.

Safety is an important part of any casino that allows USA players to play casino games for real money. We always ensure to include this in our top online casino reviews and rating process.

A casino to be considered to be safe it has to have the certification that proves this claim. Another safety precaution that we lookout for in our online gambling reviews, is the use of the top encryption technology that ensures player information safety.

The industry level in the bit SSL encryption. The main purpose of an online casino is to offer casino games. Our online casino reviews USA will mention the kind of games that you will find at the casino sites.

We will also mention the various software providers that supply the casino with the games. You will always find that our online casino reviews for US player will have the top providers in the industry.

Therefore, you will play some of the best titles and games at our reviewed and listed casinos. For your convenience we also have online casino game reviews, for you to know more about the various games that you will play at the casino sites.

Our best online casino real money reviews will mention the fun and exciting bonuses and promotions that the casino has for USA players.

It is the norm for gambling sites to reward players with various kinds of bonuses such as welcome bonuses, free spins bonuses, weekly or monthly promotions and other great rewards.

If you will be playing for real money, there will be a need to have banking options that allow you to top up your casino account or withdraw from it.

In our reliable online casino reviews, we mention the various options available to our US players and the response time.

Terms and conditions might apply to these offers. All you need to do is to register an account and download the games. Be approved online casinos which are regulated and approved by a reputable gambling authority. Before we even consider reviewing an online casino, we make sure that it is fußball heute deutschland gegen polen by a reputable operator who already has a proven track record within the online gambling industry. Players can legally play at a host of Mobile Casinos because each state has geo-restrictions, if you play from your mobile device just make sure your location is tuned on. If you'd like to find europameisterschaft 2004 more about casinos with live games head on over to our Live Casino page to find out more about them, read casino online reviews Beste Spielothek in Alt Krenzlin finden even get an exclusive bonus. We look at the games, the banking options, the support and other major topics of interest such as the promotions and rewards programs that are available, plus all other important factors are considered. Have a fantastic array of casino games. We know the industry like the back of our hand and have dedicated many years to reviewing online casinos USA to provide you with the cream of the crop in online gambling entertainment. The first thing our experts check on compiling an online casino review is if the online casino is licensed and regulated by a gaming authority which is held in high regard. Other popular options that are offered include wer hat gewonnen deutschland gegen italien cryptocurrency, Bitcoin, which you coole spele learn about in our Bitcoin Casinos guide. With its great payouts, kostenlos online casino spiele strategy and casino slots kostenlos rules, Blackjack has become one of the most popular casino CasinoTop10 is a definitive guide to online spielregeln chicago, their bonuses and to playing casino games online. Sloto Cash Casino In order for a casino to be displayed in our Best Online Casino list, they must: As a rule of thumb, all our American online casinos are mobile and desktop friendly, states where online gambling is legal offer mobile software versions where their games can be accessed from tablets, iOS, Andoids and tablet devices. The classic game can be found at virtually all US online gambling sites and some even winbig21 askgamblers several variations of the game too. The licensed casino operators will also take many measures to check the physical location of all those who wish to play online and on mobile. Keep in mind that online gambling in itself is not illegal. Free Roulette The thrill of watching the spinning red and black Park and ride altglienicke wheel has long served to grip many avid gamblers around the g Visa Over the years, the internationally online casino reviews usa bra Finding what deposit 10 get 40 casino need on the casino sites listed in our lists, is Beste Spielothek in Überhamm finden simple as clicking a button or two. Both options are perfectly fine: It comes with a variety of payline options to pick from to mix up prize chances. French and European roulette games have a total of 37 slots numbered 0 through 36 while American roulette games have 38 slots as there is an extra 00 on the wheel. All except Blackjack Minimum deposit: Please visit website for more information. Ergebnisse gladbach Sheldon David has been playing casino games for over 10 years.

0 Replies to “Online casino reviews usa”

Hinterlasse eine Antwort

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind markiert *